Gender Equality

Background

Violence against women shall be understood as any act or conduct, based on gender, which causes death or physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, whether in the public or the private sphere:

a. that occurs within the family or domestic unit or within any other interpersonal relationship, whether or not the perpetrator shares or has shared the same residence with the woman, including, among others, rape, battery and sexual abuse;
b. that occurs in the community and is perpetrated by any person, including, among others, rape, sexual abuse, torture, trafficking in persons, forced prostitution, kidnapping and sexual harassment in the workplace, as well as in educational institutions, health facilities or any other place; and
c. that is perpetrated or condoned by the state or its agents regardless of where it occurs.”

Policy Categories & Recommendations

1) Social Protection

Common types of social protection policy are: labor market (employment and worker protection), social insurance (health/unemployment insurance), social assistance (social support- homeless, single parents, etc).

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2) Immigrant Women Rights

One of the biggest threats to women are policies that prohibit migration. Policies that ensure safe migration and prevent exploitation can protect and advance women’s rights, alongside policies that create safe workplaces and ensure fair wages.

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3) Reproductive Health & Rights

Supporters of sexual and reproductive health and rights have been laying groundwork for the preservation and expansion of contraception access, denying abortion restrictions, and providing funding for family planning providers.

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Organizations focused on Gender Equality Policy Work

ACLU: Vision for Achieving Gender Justice
ICRW
UCLA CSW

Reports, Tools & Resources

NATIONAL REPORTS: Progress and challenges to prevent and eradicate violence against women in 28 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean
Gender Based Violence Programming in Contexts Affected by Violence and Conflict
FHI360: Addressing Violence in HIV Programs for Key Populations: Opportunities for Integration
New report from Promundo: Masculine Norms and Violence: Making the connections
INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON THE PREVENTION, PUNISHMENT AND ERADICATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN “CONVENTION OF BELEM DO PARA”