As of early 2019, WHO reported that at least half of the world’s population did not have full coverage of essential health services. Yet, with universal health care, these many people without care would be ensured access to health care services regardless of their socioeconomic status and background.
Many nations around the globe have made great strides in providing universal health care. In Latin America, the World Bank and other researchers have recognized several countries for their successes in universal health care, including:
Argentina for its Maternal and Child Health Insurance program: Plan Nacer
Brazil for its Unified Health System, featuring: Family Health Strategy
Chile for its Social Health Insurance program
Colombia for its right to health care approach
Costa Rica for its focus on primary care
Current Priority Area within Universal Health Care
In 2018, HENA’s leadership identified primary health as an initial focus within the universal health care policy work needed. We encourage our members and others to learn about this area, take action and support campaigns that will help to promote primary care for all populations within your communities.
HENA’s goal is to promote work conducted by its members and organizations to advance universal health care coverage in the Americas. We invite those working on UHC policies and research to contact us to determine how our work can complement one another.
Primary Health Care
Primary health care (PHC) takes into account the needs of individuals, families and communities. It is lifelong health care, not just treatment for specific conditions or diseases. PHC services range from promotion, prevention, and treatment of diseases.
Scholars and others believe that primary care can be a path or framework for offering universal health care to all. In fact, in 2018, world health leaders offered the Declaration of Astana that affirms the role PHC can take to ensure health care access and services for all populations.
HENA embraces the Declarations’ four messages and encourages its members and others to support PHC work that recognizes:
PHC for health must be a global priority.
Reinvigorating PHC must draw on progress made in last 40 years.
Decision makers must be made accountable for results.
Success will only happen when all stakeholders join the effort.
Of its 15 goals for sustainable development, one of the goals of the UN 2030 agenda works toward this HENA policy focus area to ensure universal health care for all populations:
- Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Recommendations from the Commission of PAHO on Health Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas
HENA’s work is also in step with recommendations released from PAHO in September 2018, specifically those found within Recommendations 3 and 10:
- Recommendation 3: Reversing the health equity impacts of ongoing colonialism and structural racism
- Recommendation 10: Equitable health systems
Follow the Latest News
- 14 Feb 2019 Telemedicine – Latin America
- 11 Jan 2019 Universal Health Care – Mexico
- 5 Dec 2018 Jamaica – National Health Insurance Scheme
For more information on other HENA priority areas, join the HENA Listserv TODAY!
Campaign info to come
Learn More: Reports and Resources
- How primary health care can take universal health coverage a reality, ensure health lives, and promote well-being for all
- No universal health coverage without primary care
Revisiting Alma-Ata: what is the role of primary health care in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals?
- World Bank
Just Societies: Health Equity and Dignified Lives. Executive Summary of the Report of the Commission of the Pan American health Organization on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas. Last accessed 17 March 2019 from: http://iris.paho.org/xmlui/handle/123456789/49505
Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. A/RES/70/1. United Nations. Last accessed 17 March 2019 from: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld
WHO, The Lancet (Stigler), The Lancet (Kluge)